Volume 6

The Use of Inhalational Nitrous Oxide (Entonox) As The Sole Analgesic Agent During Colonoscopy is Feasible and Efficacious in a Substantial Proportion of Patients: A Review of a Surgeon’s Experience

1. Abstract 1.1. Objective: Colonoscopy is associated with significant discomfort requiring administration of intravenous (IV) sedation and analgesia. Nitrous Oxide (Entonox) has been shown as an alternative analgesic modality but is less frequently used in practice. This study examined the efficacy and applicability of Entonox as sole analgesic agent during colonoscopy. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62202

Synthesis, Characterization, Biological Evaluation of Some Heterocyclic Oxazepine Derivatives

1. Abstract The new serious of pentyloxy and aryloxy benzaldehyde (3ae) were synthesized from the substitution reaction of 4-hydroxy benzaldehyde with different aryl bromide and alkyl bromide, on the basis of Williamson ether synthesis in the presence of Potassium carbonate using absolute ethanol as a solvent. The second step was the synthesis of 2-amino-5-(p-tolyl)1,3,4-thiadiazole. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62201

Mixing of Sputnik V and Astrazeneca COVID-19 Vaccines

1. Abstract The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine helps to develop immunity to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in most cases preventing the disease. Although various brands of vaccines work in different modes, all COVID-19 vaccines prompt an immune reaction to make the body remembers how to protect from the virus in the future. …

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Epidemiology of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) In Tertiary Level Hospitals in Bangladesh

1. Abstract HCC is the most common primary liver malignancy and cause of cancer-related death worldwide including Bangladesh. It occurs more often in males than females. The incidence of HCC continues to escalate due to HBV, HCV infection, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). HBV and HCV are also important etiological factors for developing chronic liver …

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Hydrocolonic Sonography. A Forgotten Technique

1. Abstract 1.1. Objectives: Study of the sensitivity of Hydrocolonic Sonography (HS) in the detection of colonic lesions and how hydrocolonic sonography with echographic contrast agent (HSEC) can improve this technique. Hydrocolonic sonograhpy with ultrasound contrast (dual system), of a malignant polyp in sigmoid colon. On the left half of the video, we can observe a …

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Increased Expression of GNL3L is Associated with Aggressive Phenotypes in Colorectal Cancer

1. Abstract 1.1. Background and Objective: Guanine nucleotide binding protein-like 3-like (GNL3L) plays critical roles in development and progression of several types of human cancers. However, the function and clinical significance of GNL3L in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain unclear. In this study, the effect of GNL3L in CRC and its underlying mechanism were investigated. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62103

Review of Esophagectomy Side Effects

1. Abstract The primary indication for an esophagectomy is esophageal cancer or Barrett’s esophagus with high-grade dysplasia. Patients undergoing esophagectomy often present with dysphagia, side effects from chemotherapy, decreased appetite, and weight loss. Esophagectomy may be an operation involving the abdomen, neck, and/or chest requiring 5 to 7 days of NPO status to permit healing …

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