1.1. Aims: There are limited data regarding the safety and efficacy of complete stone removal for the treatment of bile duct stones in elderly patients. Hence, this study evaluated the long-term outcomes of complete stone removal in elderly patients.
The Use of Inhalational Nitrous Oxide (Entonox) As The Sole Analgesic Agent During Colonoscopy is Feasible and Efficacious in a Substantial Proportion of Patients: A Review of a Surgeon’s Experience
1.1. Objective: Colonoscopy is associated with significant discomfort requiring administration of intravenous (IV) sedation and analgesia. Nitrous Oxide (Entonox) has been shown as an alternative analgesic modality but is less frequently used in practice. This study examined the efficacy and applicability of Entonox as sole analgesic agent during colonoscopy.
The new serious of pentyloxy and aryloxy benzaldehyde (3ae) were synthesized from the substitution reaction of 4-hydroxy benzaldehyde with different aryl bromide and alkyl bromide, on the basis of Williamson ether synthesis in the presence of Potassium carbonate using absolute ethanol as a solvent. The second step was the synthesis of 2-amino-5-(p-tolyl)1,3,4-thiadiazole.
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine helps to develop immunity to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in most cases preventing the disease. Although various brands of vaccines work in different modes, all
COVID-19 vaccines prompt an immune reaction to make the body remembers how to protect from the virus in the future. The present study aims to evaluate the safety and the immune response for mixing of Sputnik V and AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines on mice.
HCC is the most common primary liver malignancy and cause of cancer-related death worldwide including Bangladesh. It occurs more often in males than females. The incidence of HCC continues to escalate due to HBV, HCV infection, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). HBV and HCV are also important etiological factors for developing chronic liver disease (CLD) and HCC.
1.1. Objectives: Study of the sensitivity of Hydrocolonic Sonography (HS) in the detection of colonic lesions and how hydrocolonic sonography with echographic contrast agent (HSEC) can improve this technique.
Hydrocolonic sonograhpy with ultrasound contrast (dual system), of a malignant polyp in sigmoid colon. On the left half of the video, we can observe a 35 mm lesion which is strongly and evenly enhanced from the 25 second mark until the end of the video. Faecal remains appear as hyperechoic images that do not show contrast.
Exploration of the splenic angle and upper portion of the descending colon using contrast. On the left, in contrast mode. In the left half, the enhanced lesion has a central area where the saline solution does not show contrast. This behaviour gives it the characteristic “inverted apple core” appearance of an adenocarcinoma, which can be seen in the first 20 seconds and after the 50 seconds mark until the end of the video. However, in the second period the enhancement is lower. In the right half, the hypoechoic lesion can be seen without enhancement. Note how linear the wall is without lesions in both halves. Faecal remains appear as hyperechoic images which move with the serum.
1.1. Background and Objective: Guanine nucleotide binding protein-like 3-like (GNL3L) plays critical roles in development and progression of several types of human cancers. However, the function and clinical significance of GNL3L in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain unclear. In this study, the effect of GNL3L in CRC and its underlying mechanism were investigated.
AIDS late immune function is low, prone to a variety of opportunistic infections. The application of antiviral drugs, anti-tuberculosis drugs and other treatments may cause liver damage, and further aggravate the immunodeficiency.
Liver Transplantation Technique from A Cadaveric Donor with Situs Inversus Totalis. Review and a New Case
Because of the shortage of organs available for transplantation, bodies that may be valid, such as those coming from donors with situs inversus totalis, should not be ruled out.
The primary indication for an esophagectomy is esophageal cancer or Barrett’s esophagus with high-grade dysplasia. Patients undergoing esophagectomy often present with dysphagia, side effects from chemotherapy, decreased appetite, and weight loss. Esophagectomy may be an operation involving the abdomen, neck, and/or chest requiring 5 to 7 days of NPO status to permit healing of the anastomosis between the upper esophagus and new esophageal conduit (usually the stomach).