Volume 6

Long-Term Outcomes of Endoscopic Treatment for Bile Duct Stones in Patients Aged ≥ 85 Years

Research Article

1. Abstract

1.1. Aims: There are limited data regarding the safety and efficacy of complete stone removal for the treatment of bile duct stones in elderly patients. Hence, this study evaluated the long-term outcomes of complete stone removal in elderly patients.

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62203

The Use of Inhalational Nitrous Oxide (Entonox) As The Sole Analgesic Agent During Colonoscopy is Feasible and Efficacious in a Substantial Proportion of Patients: A Review of a Surgeon’s Experience

Research Article

1. Abstract

1.1. Objective: Colonoscopy is associated with significant discomfort requiring administration of intravenous (IV) sedation and analgesia. Nitrous Oxide (Entonox) has been shown as an alternative analgesic modality but is less frequently used in practice. This study examined the efficacy and applicability of Entonox as sole analgesic agent during colonoscopy.

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62202

Synthesis, Characterization, Biological Evaluation of Some Heterocyclic Oxazepine Derivatives

Research Article

1. Abstract

The new serious of pentyloxy and aryloxy benzaldehyde (3ae) were synthesized from the substitution reaction of 4-hydroxy benzaldehyde with different aryl bromide and alkyl bromide, on the basis of Williamson ether synthesis in the presence of Potassium carbonate using absolute ethanol as a solvent. The second step was the synthesis of 2-amino-5-(p-tolyl)1,3,4-thiadiazole.

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62201

Mixing of Sputnik V and Astrazeneca COVID-19 Vaccines

Research Article

1. Abstract

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine helps to develop immunity to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in most cases preventing the disease. Although various brands of vaccines work in different modes, all
COVID-19 vaccines prompt an immune reaction to make the body remembers how to protect from the virus in the future. The present study aims to evaluate the safety and the immune response for mixing of Sputnik V and AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines on mice.

Epidemiology of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) In Tertiary Level Hospitals in Bangladesh

Case Report

1. Abstract

HCC is the most common primary liver malignancy and cause of cancer-related death worldwide including Bangladesh. It occurs more often in males than females. The incidence of HCC continues to escalate due to HBV, HCV infection, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). HBV and HCV are also important etiological factors for developing chronic liver disease (CLD) and HCC.

Hydrocolonic Sonography. A Forgotten Technique

Review Article

1. Abstract

1.1. Objectives: Study of the sensitivity of Hydrocolonic Sonography (HS) in the detection of colonic lesions and how hydrocolonic sonography with echographic contrast agent (HSEC) can improve this technique.

Hydrocolonic sonograhpy with ultrasound contrast (dual system), of a malignant polyp in sigmoid colon. On the left half of the video, we can observe a 35 mm lesion which is strongly and evenly enhanced from the 25 second mark until the end of the video. Faecal remains appear as hyperechoic images that do not show contrast.

Exploration of the splenic angle and upper portion of the descending colon using contrast. On the left, in contrast mode. In the left half, the enhanced lesion has a central area where the saline solution does not show contrast. This behaviour gives it the characteristic “inverted apple core” appearance of an adenocarcinoma, which can be seen in the first 20 seconds and after the 50 seconds mark until the end of the video. However, in the second period the enhancement is lower. In the right half, the hypoechoic lesion can be seen without enhancement. Note how linear the wall is without lesions in both halves. Faecal remains appear as hyperechoic images which move with the serum.

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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62104

Increased Expression of GNL3L is Associated with Aggressive Phenotypes in Colorectal Cancer

Research Article

1. Abstract

1.1. Background and Objective: Guanine nucleotide binding protein-like 3-like (GNL3L) plays critical roles in development and progression of several types of human cancers. However, the function and clinical significance of GNL3L in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain unclear. In this study, the effect of GNL3L in CRC and its underlying mechanism were investigated.

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62103

Autologous Marrow Intrahepatic Infusion Promotes Immune Reconstruction in AIDS Patients

Case Report

1. Abstract

AIDS late immune function is low, prone to a variety of opportunistic infections. The application of antiviral drugs, anti-tuberculosis drugs and other treatments may cause liver damage, and further aggravate the immunodeficiency.

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62102

Liver Transplantation Technique from A Cadaveric Donor with Situs Inversus Totalis. Review and a New Case

Case Report

1. Abstract

Because of the shortage of organs available for transplantation, bodies that may be valid, such as those coming from donors with situs inversus totalis, should not be ruled out.

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62101

Review of Esophagectomy Side Effects

Research Article

1. Abstract

The primary indication for an esophagectomy is esophageal cancer or Barrett’s esophagus with high-grade dysplasia. Patients undergoing esophagectomy often present with dysphagia, side effects from chemotherapy, decreased appetite, and weight loss. Esophagectomy may be an operation involving the abdomen, neck, and/or chest requiring 5 to 7 days of NPO status to permit healing of the anastomosis between the upper esophagus and new esophageal conduit (usually the stomach).

Need of Dual Antiviral Treatment in Chronic Hepatitis B

Research Article

1. Abstract

1.1. Introduction: Approximately one third of the world’s population has serological evidence of past or present infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). An estimated 350-400 million people are surface HBV antigen (HBsAg) carriers. India has 40 million HBV carriers i.e. 10–15% share of total pool of HBV carriers of the world. In India.

Endoscopic Ultrasound – Guided Gastrojejunostomy Stent Placement – A Novel Technique to Manage Afferent Loop Syndrome

Original Article

1. Abstract

Afferent Loop Syndrome (ALS) is a complication caused by obstruction of the biliopancreatic limb after gastrointestinal reconstruction. Re-operation is preferred in surgically fit patients, but higher-risk patients have limited surgical options. We present a case of ALS secondary to duodenal cancer recurrence after a Whipple procedure, treated successfully with the novel endoscopic ultrasound-guided gastrojejunostomy stent placement (EUS-GJ).

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62002

Solid Pseudopapillary Tumor of the Pancreas (Frantz Tumor) : A Case Report

Original Article

1. Abstract

Pancreatic Pseudopapillary Tumor (PTS) or Frantz tumor is a rare tumor of the exocrine pancreas with a low grade of malignancy. It mainly occurs in young women (20 to 40 years old) with an increased frequency in the Asian population. Their prognosis remains good especially after complete excision. We report the management of a 21-year-old patient for a Frantz tumor, revealed by abdominal pain. The diagnosis is made on the histological study associated with the immunohistochemistry of the caudal spleno-pancreatectomy part.

 

Safety Technique for Radiofrequency Ablation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in High-Risk Locations

Original Article

1. Abstract

1.1 Aims: Although radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is considered a safe and minimally invasive procedure for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), it is sometimes associated with serious complications. In this report, we describe methods that can be used to prevent these complications.

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.62001

The Prevalence of Psychosocial Barriers and Their Impact on Receipt of HCC Care in US Veterans: Role of Tumor Board Model of Care

1. Abstract
1.1. Background & Aims: Psychosocial barriers, including low socioeconomic status, homelessness, alcohol and substance abuse, and
psychiatric disorders are prevalent in US veterans. Our study aims to identify the prevalence of psychosocial barriers in veterans diagnosed with HCC, and their impact on receipt of cancer care.

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.47829/JJGH.2021.61905